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Overview and Role of a Sleep Specialist

A medical therapist who has finished extra education and trained in sleep medication is known as sleep specialist. The main cause of sleep medicine is to focus on sleep disturbances and its related conditions. It is sub specialty inside various other medicinal specialties such as psychiatry, internal medicine, pulmonology and neurology.

A sound sleep is crucial in maintaining vigorous healthiness. Disturbance in sleep can minimize the general life’s quality and a constant sleep deprivation may deteriorate the gravity of particular medicinal conditions such as heart disease, asthma and epilepsy.

Advice from a Sleep Specialist on Sleep Habits and Sleep Disorders


The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) states that sleep disturbances influence roughly forty million individuals in USA alone. Normally sleep related issues remain unidentified and not cured and can crop up in people of all age groups, comprising seniors, adults, middle-aged people, young adults, teenagers and children.

Sleep specialists are well skilled in the identification, administration, healing and cure of sleep related mayhems. They mostly function in centers known as sleep centers, sleep labs or sleep clinics.
  
Sleep related medical specialists identify and cure various sleep related diseases, which include circadian rhythm disorders, narcolepsy (out of control daylight severe drowsiness), insomnia (incapability to sleep at all or sleep well), sleep apnea (obstructive sleep apnea), and extreme snoring. Circadian rhythm sleep disturbance, for instance shift work change, jet lag or delayed sleep phase syndrome, create continuous or irregular sleep disturbances and can cause the extreme drowsiness and/or trouble in sleeping.

The specialists of sleep also identify and cure parasomnias that are unusual events or conditions, which take place throughout sleep. Such events or conditions comprise the following:

The 'Doctors' Official Sleep Specialist


§  Grinding of teeth also known as bruxism
§  Walking in sleep
§  Sleep paralysis that is incapability to move while asleep
§  RBD that is REM behavior disorder
§  Restless Legs syndrome or periodic limb movement disorder (RLS or PLMD)
§  Night terrors that is events of excessive fear and nightmares that is about bad dreams
§  Bedwetting also known as nocturnal enuresis

Clinical examination and sleep test is carried out by sleep specialist to identify sleep related disturbances. Full personal and family medical history along with physical check up and lab study requires for the diagnosis of sleep disorders. In order to assess the wake and sleep cycle of a patient, an overnight stay for sleep evaluation may be needed. Different kinds of sleep tests are carried out such as actigraphy, maintenance of wakefulness MWT, multiple sleep latency MSLT and polysomnography.

Various ways are used to overcome sleep disturbances. Some popular ones are cognitive behavioral therapy and bright light therapy, which is carried out to overcome circadian rhythm and to better the sleep habits, oral appliances are used to keep the airway open during nighttime and to impede grinding of teeth, CPAP device is used to overcome sleep apnea. Among surgeries, uvulopalatopharneoplasty or adenoid and tonsillectomy removal procedures can be performed in some cases.

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