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Complications Attached with Sleep Apnea – Untreated Sleep Apnea can bring about Severe Complications


Here we will talk about the highly frequent complications relation with untreated sleep apneas that are able to influence your life on a permanent basis.
Sleep apnea can steal the healthiness, liveliness and at times the lives of the people.
If sleep apnea is not treated then it can bring out severe life-risking complication such as hypertension, road accidents, infrequent rhythms of heart, stroke, high blood pressure etc.
Most of the times, it is not clear that the complication is taken place straight away from sleep apnea or from any of its symptom.
As for instance, fatness is frequently thought as a linked aspect in grown-up children. However, chronic deprivation from sleep may produce excess weight that gives way to narrowness of the airway that inclines to sleep apnea.

Medical Complications of Sleep Apnea by Dr Haranath Policherla

Highly Hazardous Complications of Sleep Apnea

Respiratory breakdown (Hypercapnic)
This type of breakdown is not frequent, however, still well known among complications of sleep apnea. Respiratory breakdown (Hypercapnic) can start early morning in the form of headaches that leads to extreme daytime drowsiness and several other related sleep apnea aspects.
Chronic type of respiratory breakdown (hypercapnia) is most of the times connected with failure of the right heart and it refers to the “obesity hypoventilation syndrome OHS” or “Pickwickian syndrome”
This type of apnea is sometimes happens in people who are habitual of living alone without the support of friends or family, which puts  the timely diagnosis on delay until the condition rises up to developed stage.
For this reason, the care of family and life-partner is that much valuable as the sufferer remains unaware of his complication till it reaches to the dangerous life-threatening stage.

Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disordered Breathing


Excessive Weight Gain

Excessive wait not only brings about contraction and sporadic hindrance of the upper air passage that makes the breathing difficult but also:
o   The chest wall muscles becomes bulky because of the fat accumulated around the abdomen and rib cage that minimizes the conformity of the chest wall
o   Reduces the contraction of the chest wall muscles
o   Over stretch the diaphragm

Persistent Lung Diseases
Sleep apnea bring about persistent lung diseases, for example emphysema and chronic bronchitis may grounds to hypoventilation especially while is happens with OSA.

Neuro-muscular Disorder

In this case, the fragile muscles of the chest possibly will not be able to recompense for the elevated breathing work by way of a constricted upper air passage.
For the reason that muscles of the chest wall is weak, hypoventilation and hypercapnia may grow, especially in case the sleep apnea suffer is also over-weight, takes alcohol or sedatives.
The 3 highly widespread neuro-muscular destructions that becomes the reason of hypercapnia with OSA are given below:

o   Muscular dystrophies
o   Congenial myopathies
o   Poliomyelitis

Several kinds of Cardiac Dysrhythmias

They are frequent in case of an already existing heart related syndromes such as: ischemic cardiac syndrome
Several kinds of Cardiac Dysrhythmias consist of:

o   Ventricular and atrial extopics
o   Ventricular tachycardia
o   Atrial fibrillation

The Cardiac Dysrhthmias are frequent in case the saturation of the oxygen dips lower than 75 percent that frequently occurs throughout REM sleep and apnea occurrences.
On the other hand, these dysrhythmias are likely to reduce after the use of continuous positive airway therapy.

Link between Sleep Apnea and Myocardial infarction

Myocardial infarction is a complication of sleep apnea, which is capable of bringing death to the patient.
The association between obstructive sleep apnea and myocardial infarction may be due to:

o   Consumption of alcohol in order to reduce depression happened because of obstructive sleep apnea
o   Diabetes mellitus
o   Hypertension
o   Obesity

The Relationship Between Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease


Link between Your Awakening and Stroke

The obstructive sleep apnea sufferers feel the occurrence of stroke regularly in between 6-8a.m., which suggests that stroke, is linked with your waking up.
Sleep Apnea and Hypertension
The sleep apnea patients basically face hypertension because of the elevated sensitive activity all throughout the daytime, which happens due to sporadic hypoxia at nighttime.
Commonly, sleep apnea sufferers face hypertension in the ages in between 30-50, maybe due to higher sensitive reactions to hypoxia in the age bracket of 30-50 and able to be resistant on drug. Nevertheless, CPAP therapy is capable of treating it.
Sleep Apnea and Pulmonary Hypertension
The hypertension grows because of variations in the pressure of your pulmonary artery throughout each sleep apnea instance at night.
Pulmonary hypertension is able to bring about heart failure alongside hypoxia and hypercapnia.
One more issue with chronic pulmonary hypertension is that it is hard to be cured with continuous positive airway therapy as it creates structural variations in the circulation of pulmonary.

Sleep apnea and sudden death

Association of Sleep Apnea and Death
Among sleep apnea complications, death is a highly greater threat reason. The occurrence of death because of sleep apnea is not known, however, there is a connection of OSA in sufferers having family background of “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS”
Even though it is improbable to say that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome refers to a clean shape of obstructive sleep apnea, a number of aspects of this turmoil may show the way to death in such kinds of infants.
Generally, we can talk about death occurrences due to sleep apnea only restricted to intense instances, where obstructive sleep apnea is linked with several other surgical or medical states.

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