Your Child May Have Sleep Apnea? What are the Chances, Symptoms and Treatment?

It’s a predetermined idea about the appearance of a classic sleep apnea patient that makes it difficult to generate consciousness among people. A picture of a grown-up, obese guy appears in mind, whenever most of the people reflect about a sleep apnea patient.
obese guy
It’s a predetermined idea about the appearance of a classic sleep apnea patient that makes it difficult to generate consciousness among people. 

A picture of a grown-up, obese guy appears in mind, whenever most of the people reflect about a sleep apnea patient.

Though, this picture is quite perfect in lots of instances, however, it’s not in any respect a complete portrait of all the people who are at risk of sleep apnea. Just because of this misunderstanding, lots of women are identified with insomnia instead of sleep apnea.
risk of sleep apnea
Though, this picture is quite perfect in lots of instances, however, it’s not in any respect a complete portrait of all the people who are at risk of sleep apnea. Just because of this misunderstanding, lots of women are identified with insomnia instead of sleep apnea.

Even bad, lots of children having sleep apnea issue are in its place identified with several types of diseases along with ADHD for the reason they do not form the usual predetermined patient’s sketch.
children having sleep apnea issue
Even worse, lots of children having sleep apnea issue is in its place identified with several types of diseases along with ADHD for the reason, they do not form the usual predetermined patient’s sketch.

Sleep Apnea Risks in Children

The sleep apnea occurrences in children (5%) are maybe not as much on the higher side as in grown-ups (26% for people from 30 to 70 years old). However, it is still not as lower that we should not pay heed to it.
sleep apnea occurrences in children
The sleep apnea occurrences in children (5%) are maybe not as much on the higher side as in grown-ups (26% for people from 30 to 70 years old). However, it is still not as lower that we should not pay heed to it.

The sleep apnea affected children remain apparent to the danger of having learning, adaptive and behavioral issues. A lot of sleep apnea daytime symptoms may reveal them similar to as ADHD symptoms such as poor school performance, lack of focus and learning difficulty with hyperactivity.
sleep apnea affected children
The sleep apnea affected children remain apparent to the danger of having learned, adaptive and behavioral issues. A lot of sleep apnea daytime symptoms may reveal them similar to as ADHD symptoms such as poor school performance, lack of focus and learning difficulty with hyperactivity.  

Around 25% ADHD diagnosed children are in reality have sleep apnea symptoms and their behavioral and learning issues should be connected to bad and irregular sleep
ADHD diagnosed children
Around 25% of ADHD diagnosed children are in reality have sleep apnea symptoms and their behavioral and learning issues should be connected to bad and irregular sleep

One more research suggests that the behavioral issues in children having incident sleep apnea were 4 to 5 times on the higher side and in kids having persistent sleep apnea, they were 6 times higher.
behavioral issues in children
One more research suggests that the behavioral issues in children having incident sleep apnea were 4 to 5 times on the higher side and in kids having persistent sleep apnea, they were 6 times higher.

This research also discovered that comparatively with other children, who did not suffer from irregular breathing, sleep apnea affected children were extra prone to have issues like self-care, social skills, communication, disturbing attitudes, concentration and hyperactivity.
disturbing attitudes in children
This research also discovered that compared with other children, who did not suffer from irregular breathing, sleep apnea affected children were extra prone to have issues like self-care, social skills, communication, disturbing attitudes, concentration, and hyperactivity.

Such sleep apnea affected children were also discovered to be 3-times extra prone to secure lower grades from “C” downwards.

These children also remain apparent to the danger of developing cardiac problems and hypertension as well with the passage of time.
cardiac problems in children
These children also remain apparent to the danger of developing cardiac problems and hypertension as well over time.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea in Children

If you suspect that your child may have sleep apnea, then you should check out the following symptoms. Most of these symptoms are apparent while sleeping, however, some may reveal throughout the daytime.

Roughly about 10% snoring children also have sleep apnea  §  The children whose adenoids are enlarged are likely to respire with open mouths.  §  They take pauses in breathing during their sleep   §  They feel drowsiness throughout daytime  §  They have trouble in focus  §  Their attention period is poor  §  They have problems with their behaviors  §  They perform poorly at schools  §  They also have bedwetting issues
drowsiness throughout daytime in children
§  Roughly about 10% snoring children also have sleep apnea
§  The children whose adenoids are enlarged are likely to respire with open mouths.
§  They take pauses in breathing during their sleep 
§  They have trouble in focus
§  Their attention period is poor
§  They have problems with their behaviors
§  They perform poorly at schools
§  They also have bedwetting issues

Reasons for sleep apnea in children

The reasons of sleep apnea in children differ considerably as compared to the reasons of grown-up’s sleep apnea. In grown-ups the key sleep apnea causative reasons are age, neck perimeter and weight, whereas in children the major widespread reason is distended adenoids and/or tonsils.
adenoids in children
The reasons for sleep apnea in children differ considerably as compared to the reasons for grown-up’s sleep apnea. In grown-ups, the key sleep apnea causative reasons are age, neck perimeter and weight, whereas in children the major widespread reason is distended adenoids and/or tonsils.

At times the tissues of the throat are distended they may make difficulties in breathing throughout the daytime. During sleep, the body muscles relax together with the throat muscles. 

This muscle relaxation permits the adenoids and tonsils to extra limit the flow of air in the upper part of the breathing mechanism and becomes the reason for sleep apnea episodes.

Fatness is as well a contributing factor of sleep apnea in children similarly as it is in grown-ups. If the tissues of the throat are fat, it is possible that they will obstruct the sleep at night because added tissues can surely obstruct the flow of air.
Fatness in children
Fatness is as well a contributing factor of sleep apnea in children similarly as it is in grown-ups. If the tissues of the throat are fat, they may obstruct the sleep at night because added tissues can surely obstruct the flow of air.

Nevertheless, the fatness is only considered to be a contributing reason for childhood sleep apnea among 12 to 18 years older children and it does not affect children of lower ages.

How sleep apnea be identified in children?

Setting up a meeting at a sleep lab for a whole night polysomnogram is the best way to identify or exclude the existence of a child's sleep apnea.

The child and adult polysomnograms are almost the same in the sense that they assess almost the similar activities counting the levels of oxygen in blood, heart rate, muscle movements, breathing and brain activity. However, in children end tidal CO2 is in addition examined.
polysomnograms 
The child and adult polysomnograms are almost the same in the sense that they assess almost similar activities counting the levels of oxygen in the blood, heart rate, muscle movements, breathing, and brain activity. 

However, in children, end-tidal CO2 is besides examined.

It can be tricky for a sleep technician to connect different wires that trace calculations required for an exact examination in some children. 

Therefore, the sleep technician may have to wait till the time they begin nodding to fix the wires to make sure they will not drag them away.


In order to make sure the safety and comfort of children going under a sleep test, their parents are suggested to sleep next to their child’s bed in the sleep room.
the comfort of children going under a sleep test
To make sure the safety and comfort of children going under a sleep test, their parents are suggested to sleep next to their child’s bed in the sleep room.

The diagnosis of sleep apnea in children and grown-ups also vary considerably.

The catalog for identification of sleep apnea in adults is given below:

§  5 to 14 hourly breathing interruptions indicates mild sleep apnea
§  15 to 30 hourly breathing interruptions indicate moderate sleep apnea
§  30 plus hourly breathing interruptions indicate severe sleep apnea

On the contrary, only one hourly breathing interruption is enough to diagnose positive sleep apnea in children.

§  1 to 5 hourly breathing interruptions indicate mild sleep apnea
§  5 to 15 hourly breathing interruptions indicate moderate sleep apnea
§  15 plus hourly breathing interruptions indicate severe sleep apnea

Treatment options of sleep apnea in children

Due to the fact that distended adenoids and/or tonsils is the main reason of child sleep apnea. Therefore, in 90% of cases, the surgery for removing the tissues reverses the sleep apnea symptoms most of the times.
removing the adenoid tissues
Because distended adenoids and/or tonsils are the main reason for child sleep apnea. Therefore, in 90% of cases, the surgery for removing the tissues reverses sleep apnea symptoms most of the time.

If sleep apnea is recognized due to over-weight, then lifestyle and weight management plans are normally used to overcome a child’s weight issue.

Methods used to reduce weight can include exercise and diet plans.
CPAP treatment may possibly be suggested.

Dental/oral devices may possibly be suggested for grown-up children (whose facial bone is almost developed).    If allergies are the cause, then medicines may possibly be suggested accordingly to overcome the sleep apnea symptoms.
Dental/oral devices in children
Dental/oral devices may possibly be suggested for grown-up children (whose facial bone is almost developed).

If allergies are the cause, then medicines may possibly be suggested accordingly to overcome the sleep apnea symptoms.

Inhalers or asthma medicines may possibly be suggested if respiratory disarray is the reason for sleep apnea.

References:




No comments